Follicular Unit Transplantation, also known as the FUT word, which is made up of the initials of the technique, has lost its popularity with the progress of technology in hair transplantation operations but it is still applied in some exceptional cases.
There are 2 methods for hair transplant operations currently in use. The FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) method and the FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) method. These methods differ in the way hair follicles are extracted from the donor area.
The steps other than this issue are almost the same. In FUT method, hair follicles are extracted by removing a strip of scalp in about 15-20 cm to 2 cm from the back of head between two ears. Then, hair follicles are harvested from the strip and individually transplanted to the recipient areas. The area where the strip of scalp was removed is closed with stitches.
The FUT hair transplant results in an incision scar in about 15-20 centimeter in size. FUT hair transplant recovery time is longer since an incision is performed on the scalp. Depending on the strain, rate of wound healing and quality of the surgical procedure performed, this scar may expand and there may be hair loss around the scar.
The only advantage of FUT hair transplant – which is not a significant advantage – is that scalp is removed in a strip by an incision so that it is not necessary to shave this area. Therefore, this method is preferred by women or men with long hair. In FUE hair transplant, the duration of operation can be several hours longer.
Maximum 2000 grafts can be extracted, approximately. But, that number can range from 4500 to 5000 in FUE.
Scar remains on nape area after the operation. Surgical procedure and suture must be performed by a plastic surgeon.
Since the area of removed scalp is damaged, numbness might occur after the operation.
More bleeding occurs during the operation compared to FUE method.
Nape area is more painful after the operation.
Scar revision may be necessary for those who have undergone FUT hair transplant surgery. The scar area on scalp can be thinned again by a surgical procedure, hair follicles can be transplanted to the scar area. Sometimes, scars might be concealed only by micropigmentation, also referred as semi-permanent make-up or dermal pigmentation.