Benito Juárez

Benito Pablo Juárez García (Spanish: [beˈnito ˈpaβlo ˈxwaɾes gaɾˈsi.a]; 21 March 1806 – 18 July 1872), Mexican liberal, trained as a lawyer, and an active and effective politician, served as the 26th president of Mexico from 1858 until his death in office in 1872. He was the first president of Mexico of indigenous origin, of Zapotec ethnicity. He wrote only briefly about his indigenous heritage, in Apuntes para mis hijos, describing his parents as “Indians of the country’s primitive race.” His vision of Mexico was that individual indigenous Mexicans would assimilate culturally and become full citizens of Mexico, equal before the law. “Everything that Juárez and the Liberal circle stood for militated against [his] identification” as an indigenous person. According to one biographer, he “