In dentistry, hypodontia is the condition at which the patient has missing teeth as a result of the failure of those teeth to develop (also called tooth agenesis). Hypodontia describes a situation where the patient is missing up to five permanent teeth, excluding the 3rd molars. Missing third molars occur in 9-30% of studied populations. In primary dentition the maxilla is more affected, with the condition usually involving the maxillary lateral incisor. The condition of missing over 5 (six or more) permanent teeth, excluding 3rd molars or wisdom teeth, has been called oligodontia. The condition for missing all teeth, either primary and/or permanent), is called anodontia. A similar condition is hyperdontia, in which there are more than the usual number of teeth, more commonly called as supernumerary teeth. Many other terms to describe a reduction in number of teeth appear in the literature: aplasia of teeth, congenitally missing teeth, absence of teeth, agenesis of teeth and lack of teeth.
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