Kurtuluş is a district of Istanbul, formerly known as Tatavla meaning “horse stable” (Greek: Ταταύλα). It lies within the cosmopolitan neighborhood of Şişli. Its population is of Turks who moved there mostly after the Republic of Turkey was founded, Greeks (now absent due to forced emigration and massacres), Armenians (who still live there in numbers), Kurds (who are relatively recent economic migrants), and Jews (who still live there in numbers). The Turkish name means “liberation”, “salvation”, “independence” or “deliverance”. It was originally well known as an Armenian/Greek Christian neighborhood.