The langues d’oïl ( French: ), or oïl languages (also in ), are a dialect continuum that includes standard French and its closest autochthonous relatives spoken today in the northern half of France, southern Belgium, and the Channel Islands. They belong to the larger Gallo-Romance group of languages, which also covers most of east-central (Arpitania) and southern France (Occitania), northern Italy and eastern Spain (Catalan Countries) (some linguists place Catalan into the Ibero-Romance grouping instead). Linguists divide the Romance languages of France, and especially of Medieval France, into three geographical subgroups: Langues d’oïl and Langues d’oc, named after their words for ‘yes’, with Franco-Provençal (Arpitan) considered transitional.