Sanjaks (/ˈsændʒæk/; Ottoman Turkish: سنجاق; Modern Turkish: Sancak, pronounced [sanˈdʒak]) were administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire. Sanjak, and the variant spellings sandjak, sanjaq and sinjaq, are English or French transliterations of the Turkish word sancak, meaning “district”, “banner” or “flag”. Sanjaks were also called by the Arabic word for banner or flag: لواء liwa (Liwā or Liwā’). The unofficial, geo-political region of Sandžak in Serbia and Montenegro derives its name from the former Ottoman Sanjak of Novi Pazar.