Scotch

Scotch is an adjective meaning “of Scotland”. The modern usage in Scotland is Scottish or Scots, and the word “Scotch” is only applied to specific products, mostly food or drink, such as Scotch whisky, Scotch pie, Scotch broth, and Scotch eggs. “Scotch” applied to people is widely considered pejorative in Scotland, reflecting old Anglo-Scottish antagonisms, but it is still occasionally used in England, though the usage is considered old-fashioned and Ireland, and is in common use in North America. The verb to scotch is unrelated to the adjective. It derives from Anglo-French escocher meaning “to notch, nick”, from coche, “a notch, groove”, extended in English to mean “to put an abrupt end to”, with the forms “scotched”, “scotching”, “scotches”. For example: “The prime minister scotched the rumours of her illness by making a public appearance.” Also, in the traditional children’s game of “hopscotch”, known as “peevers” in Scotland, it refers to the lines one hops over.