Section (United States land surveying)

In U.S. land surveying under the Public Land Survey System (PLSS), a section is an area nominally one square mile (2.6 square kilometers), containing 640 acres (260 hectares), with 36 sections making up one survey township on a rectangular grid. A description of a quarter-quarter section in standard abbreviated form, might look like “NW 1/4, NE 1/4, Sec. 34, T.3S, R.1W, 1st P.M.” or, alternatively, “34-3-1 NW4NE4 1PM”. In expanded form this would read “the Northwest quarter of the Northeast quarter of Section 34 of Township 3 South, Range 1 West, first Principal Meridian”.