The Timurid dynasty () was a Sunni Muslim Persianate dynasty of Turco-Mongol lineage that ruled over an empire comprising modern-day Iran, the Caucasus, Mesopotamia, Afghanistan, much of Central Asia, as well as parts of contemporary Pakistan, Syria, India, Anatolia. The dynasty descended from the warlord Timur (also known as Tamerlane), who established the empire between 1370 and his death in 1405. The Timurids lost most of Persia to the Akkoyunlu in 1467, but members of the dynasty continued to rule smaller states, sometimes known as Timurid emirates, in Central Asia and parts of India. In the 16th century, Babur, a Timurid prince from Ferghana (modern Uzbekistan), invaded Kabulistan (modern Afghanistan) and established a small kingdom there, and from there 20 years later he invaded India to establish the Mughal Empire.
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