The International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery (ISHRS) is a global non-profit medical association and the leading authority on hair loss treatment and restoration, with more than 1,100 members throughout 70 countries worldwide.

ISHRS History

The International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery (ISHRS) is a global non-profit medical association and the leading authority on hair loss treatment and restoration, with more than 1,100 members throughout 70 countries worldwide.

In the early 1990s, a new technique in hair restoration surgery called Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT), was quickly developing. This was changing the field of hair transplantation surgery because the former techniques that resulted in “plugs” were changing with more refined techniques that produced more natural-looking results. At that time, as it is today, hair restoration surgery was part of the Dermatology and Plastic Surgery specialties. Still, neither specialty truly embraced and fostered the evolution of the procedures. There was little focus on specific training and research. Those considered qualified surgeons were grappling with ways to find each other and communicate protocols and best practices.

The professional society was created in 1993 by an initial core of pioneer hair transplant surgeons who saw a need to establish a formal society focused on hair restoration surgery and uphold higher standards of care in an emerging specialty that was in its infancy. Their vision was to create a membership society where ideas and innovations could be exchanged with surgeons from around the world to improve patient outcomes, train other physicians, encourage scientific studies and educate the public about hair restoration surgery.

Today, hair restoration techniques, instruments, and improved technology contribute to virtually undetectable results. But delivering these results requires a properly trained surgeon with experience. The ISHRS provides the highest quality education to physicians ensuring they have access to the latest innovations and scientific research related to hair loss and treatments.

The Society hosts the largest annual scientific congress for hair transplant surgeons in the world and has greatly accelerated the development of international knowledge and expertise. The ISHRS offers high-quality CME courses, a robust journal, access to live surgery workshops, and a network for physicians to exchange ideas with one another. By funding research, the ISHRS seeks to establish best practices for techniques in the field as well as continue to advance the knowledge of hair biology. The ISHRS upholds high ethical standards.

Additionally, the ISHRS is active in advocacy efforts to protect and educate consumers about the increasing numbers of unlicensed personnel or physicians with minimal training worldwide performing hair restoration surgery, the dangers of medical tourism, and the importance of consumers researching a qualified hair transplant surgeon.


The first written record of successful hair transplantation to treat baldness in humans was published in 1822 in Wurzburg, Germany. A medical student named Dieffenbach described experimental surgery performed by himself and his surgeon mentor Professor Dom Unger in animals and in humans. They successfully transplanted hair from one area of a patient’s scalp to another area. Professor Unger was said to believe that hair transplantation would make baldness a rarity.

Few additional mentions of hair transplantation appeared in surgical literature over the following decades, however, and few, if any, surgeons adapted Professor Unger’s technique to treat androgenetic alopecia (inherited pattern baldness). Surgical procedures using hair-bearing skin flaps and grafts were first adapted to the treatment of traumatic alopecia (baldness caused by burns or other physical injuries) in the late 19th Century.

Male pattern baldness was not neglected in the 19th Century. It had the attention of “medicine men” who sold various concoctions and nostrums purported to cure for baldness when rubbed on the scalp or sipped from the bottle. The “medicine man” famous in Western lore is the top-hatted snake-oil salesman who traveled from town to town in his painted wagon. Newspapers of the 19th Century carried advertising for nostrums that claimed to do everything from curing cancer to putting hair back on the bald scalp.

The modern surgical techniques of hair transplantation were first developed in Japan in the 1930s and 1940s, but did not come to attention outside of Japan until after World War Two. In 1939, Dr. S. Okuda, a Japanese dermatologist, described the use of full-thickness grafts of hair-bearing skin from hair-bearing areas to hairless areas to correct hair loss on the scalp, eyebrows and upper lip. While most of the 200 patients he reported were treated for traumatic alopecia, his technique was almost identical to that first reported in the United States in 1959 to treat androgenetic alopecia. Other Japanese surgeons reported successful hair transplantation to areas of the body other than the scalp throughout the 1940s and 1950s; as with Dr. Okuda’s reports, these were written in Japanese and were not seen outside Japan for many years. See Okuda Papers.

Hair Transplantation as a treatment for androgenetic alopecia took its modern shape in 1959 with a paper from Norman Orentreich, MD. The paper presented a hair transplantation technique, but just as importantly, it presented a physiologic basis for successful hair transplantation-the concept of “donor dominance” and “recipient dominance”. The donor dominance concept explained the contradictory results of many previous hair transplantation studies.

Dr. Orentreich showed that the success of hair transplants for androgenetic alopecia is dependent on donor dominance. Donor-dominant transplants continue to show the hairgrowing characteristics of hair from the donor site after transplantation to the recipient site. Research published in the 1950s and 1960s also confirmed that so-calledmale pattern baldness” is an inherited condition, treatable by hair transplantation. These findings put to rest other hypotheses regarding the cause of male pattern baldness-among them, the theory that movement of the scalp muscles would, over a long period of time, incapacitate hair follicles and cause baldness.

Dr. Orentreich’s 1959 paper marks the beginning of modern hair transplantation. The science and art of hair transplantation have progressed together-the, science developing techniques for harvesting and transplanting even single hair follicles, and the art following in the steps of science, refining the placement minigrafts (3 to 5 hairs) and micrografts (1 to 3 hairs) to create an entirely natural look on the transplanted scalp.

Progressing side by side with hair transplantation were surgical techniques for treating baldness by:

  • moving flaps of hair-bearing skin to cover bald areas;
  • using tissue expanders to facilitate bald scalp reconstruction; and,
  • using scalp reduction surgery to eliminate bald scalp and “pull up” hair-bearing scalp to replace it.

Hair Transplantation Today

While hair transplantation has been a well-accepted procedure for decades, scientific and technical advances have helped hair restoration surgeons create a new era of consistent, safe, effective, and – most importantly, natural-looking results. The obvious-looking ‘plug-type transplants of the past have been replaced with living and growing results that defy detection. Microsurgical techniques and instrumentation, and artistic appreciation of how hair naturally grows, have led to these advances. The identification of naturally occurring follicular units (groups of mostly one, two or three follicles) in the skin, and the ability to successfully transplant literally thousands of these groupings, allows for the restoration of hair in the vast majority of men and women who suffer from hereditary hair loss. For men or women suffering from hair loss, a detailed consultation with a physician specializing in hair restoration is highly recommended in order to determine what treatment (or combination of treatments) will most efficiently and effectively help them achieve their hair restoration goals.


When choosing a hair transplant surgeon from Turkey, hair transplant patients must be sure the surgeon is licensed and accredited by reputable organizations such as the World FUE Institute (WFI) or the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery (ISHRS). The International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery (ISHRS) and the World Fue Institute (WFI) are two of the world’s most well-known societies for hair transplantation surgeons.

Both organizations aim to improve safety of patients, and the quality of hair restoration surgery globally and set ethical standards in the industry. Every year, the ISHRS and the WFI congresses provide a platform for hair restoration surgeons to share case studies and scientific research. These congresses are also an opportunity to learn from other surgeons, as experts from all over the world present on various topics related to hair transplantation surgery.

Dr.Mehmet Demircioglu and World Fue Institute (WFI)

Dr. Mehmet Demircioglu, the founder of Diamond Hair Clinic, is an active member of the World Fue Institute (WFI). Dr. Demircioglu is committed to providing his patients with the best possible care and believes that ISHRS and WFI are positively impacting hair transplantation surgery. 

Hair Transplants in Turkey

Before deciding on hair transplant surgery in Turkey, please read the articles by Dr. Mehmet Demircioglu. He is a highly respected specialist in the field of hair transplantation, and he can provide you with cost information, procedure details, and other important related information.

An Overall Look, Detailed Guide for Hair Transplant Patients Consider Turkey

What Is The Ideal Price Range For Hair Transplant Surgery In Turkey?

Red Flags of Hair Transplant Clinics in Turkey

How To Choose A Decent Hair Transplant Clinic In Turkey?

Hair Transplant Turkey Reviews: How To Analyze Patient Testimonials?

What Are The Top Cities For Hair Transplant In Turkey?

How To Get A Hair Transplant In Turkey?

Diamond Hair Clinic & Dr.Mehmet Demircioglu

Dr. Mehmet Demircioglu is the founder of Diamond Hair Clinic, one of the world’s best hair transplant surgeons. He has performed hair transplants on patients from all over the world with excellent results. Dr. Demircioglu is highly skilled in the latest techniques and technologies in hair transplant and deeply understands hair follicles‘ physiology. This allows him to produce natural-looking and long-lasting results for his patients.

Diamond Hair Clinic is a reputable and affordable option for hair transplant surgery, attracting patients worldwide. With Turkish medical care being so globally renowned and Istanbul being such a hotspot for tourists, Diamond Hair Clinic has established itself as a top choice since 2012.

Get In Touch With Diamond Hair Clinic

Contact us today to schedule a free consultation.